How do they do that?
For teamsalvatore98 and anyone else who wants to make a ফ্যানপপ banner but doesn't know where to start.
আপনি will need an image editing program. I use Corel Paint ভান্দার Pro but I think most people use Photoshop. Create your banner template
Open up your program and create a new file. Size: 800x100 Background:
black File type:
The dimensions are very
important. If the banner is too tall it will get cropped off when আপনি add it. If it's not wide enough it will get stretched. Even 1 pixel's difference can affect the quality.
Save this basic file as your banner template to use পরবর্তি time.
Images for the banner
Or আপনি can just use this template! But make sure to click on it to get the full size.
Now open up the প্রতিমূর্তি আপনি want to use for your banner. I recommend using large, high quality pictures. Most of my banners are related to TV shows so I use really nice screencaps and episode stills. The better quality they are, the better your banner will look. Resizing প্রতিমূর্তি to fit
আপনি may have to resize these প্রতিমূর্তি to fit within the banner. Never take an image that is too small and try to make it bigger: the quality will suck.
Only resize প্রতিমূর্তি to make them smaller. There will be some loss of quality but not nearly as much as when you're trying to make something bigger than it is.
[At the bottom of the প্রবন্ধ I will go through some advanced tricks to help with quality but for right now let's get the basics down.]
Choose an image that আপনি want to add to the banner but is too large. Example: 1450x970
Find the Resize
tool in your program's options. Mine is located under a menu called 'Image'. Yours could be located somewhere else. Just look through all the menus until আপনি find it.
Open the Resize tool. It should give আপনি the dimensions of the picture you're trying to resize. Example:
Width: 1450 pixels
Height: 970 pixels
Change the height to 110 pixels
. Only change the height
and make sure that the 'Maintain aspect ratio' box is checked
. Otherwise your image will be totally warped.
The reason আপনি don't resize it to exactly the height of your banner is because you'll want to give yourself some leeway to সরানো it around. It's very hard to position it precisely and if it's off even just a little bit it will leave a gap at the শীর্ষ অথবা bottom of the banner. Adding প্রতিমূর্তি to the banner
So আপনি have your resized image and are ready to add it to the banner. You're going to copy and paste
it to the banner template as a layer
tool is in the 'Edit' menu. Just click it and you're done. The image is copied and ready to be pasted. Go back to your banner template.
tool is also in the 'Edit' menu. It may offer আপনি several options: Paste as New Image, Paste as Selection and Paste as New Layer.
Choose Paste as New Layer
It will drop the image directly in the center of your banner. Now আপনি can সরানো it wherever আপনি like with the Move
tool. Just click and drag the image to the position আপনি want.
Repeat this process with all of your images.
Editing your banner
Basic unedited banner
So now all of your প্রতিমূর্তি are on the banner as separate layers. Some of them might not be as clear and bright as you'd like. Select the one you'd like to change with the সরানো tool.
The simplest way to make it look a little better is the Brightness & Contrast
tool, which should be in the 'Adjust' menu. Open it and it should have a প্রিভিউ of what the effect is going to look like. আপনি don't want it to be too bright because then the dark রঙ will look washed out and grainy. আপনি don't want too much contrast অথবা the darks will গেলা the lights. Play around with the levels until আপনি find something আপনি like.
The পরবর্তি step is the saturation
[how intense the রঙ are]. Now depending on the effect you're going for আপনি might want to increase অথবা decrease the saturation. Again, আপনি can play around with this until আপনি find something আপনি like. The Hue & Saturation
tool should be in the same menu as the Brightness & Contrast tool. I wouldn't recommend changing the hue unless আপনি want to go for a really funky effect.
There are many different tools located in the 'Adjust' menu that আপনি can use to tweak your images. I recommend exploring them, playing around with them and finding what works the best for you. In my program there's a tool called Clarify
that just gives the image some extra punch. It may not be available in your program but there's probably something similar to it. Just play around with the program and find out what it can do. Practice on test প্রতিমূর্তি and have fun. That's how I learned everything.
The other thing to keep in mind is that each layer requires individual editing. It's usually best to try to make each image in a banner look as similar in tone and brightness as possible. Depending on what kind of প্রতিমূর্তি you're using, the settings for each one might be different. Again, this just requires আপনি to play around until আপনি can make it work. In the advanced section I'll give tips for making the প্রতিমূর্তি in a banner আরো cohesive in tone.
I adjusted the Brightness & Contrast, decreased the Saturation and Clarified.
Ok now আপনি have a very basic, serviceable banner. But আপনি could make it better.... Advanced
So আপনি have your basic banner. It's pretty good but আপনি want to do আরো to it, make it better.
The first thing আপনি may have noticed in my sample banner is that some of the প্রতিমূর্তি I used have a symbol on them. Not very pretty and somewhat distracting aren't they? I see them often on fanmade প্রতীকী and banners but in truth they aren't that hard to get rid of.
Now we are venturing into আরো advanced tools and be aware that not every program will call them the same thing.
Push tool sample
In my program, it's called the Push
What it does:
Pushes the pixels around the image.
Partially obscured symbol using the Push tool.
How you're going to use it:
To cover up the ugly symbol.
আপনি can adjust the size of the tool [you'll want it to be small] and the opacity [you'll want it to be in the midrange] আপনি won't want the opacity at 100% because the edges will be too hard [like in the first sample image].
আপনি just want to gently try to push the pixels around until it looks like the symbol was never there. Start in an area where the symbol isn't, then just click and drag the pixels over the symbol. Don't use the same starting point for the whole thing. Choose the pixels that look like they belong in that spot. In this image I used the black shadow to cover the bottom of the symbol. The আরো gray shadow on his neck to cover the rest, being careful not to get any dark pixels on his chin. Most programs have an 'Undo' option that can erase your last stroke if আপনি make a mistake.
The ugly symbols have been pushed away!!
This banner could still be improved though. The arrangement of the প্রতিমূর্তি is very static and they're quite obviously just pictures copied and pasted. If আপনি want to break that up and make the banner আরো interesting [and fit আরো images!] it's not that hard.
You're going to need the Eraser
tool. It will look like a pencil eraser. আপনি can change the size and opacity, just like আপনি can with the Push tool. To start with, you'll want it to be fairly big and the opacity at 100% because you're going to be taking the edges off the প্রতিমূর্তি and getting rid of some negative space.
The removal of the edges has freed up some space!
You'll notice that this has freed up some space. আপনি can now rearrange these প্রতিমূর্তি and maybe add more. As আপনি সরানো them closer together, আপনি can see how some of them might fit together even better দ্বারা erasing sections of the image. As আপনি erase closer to the subject of the picture, decrease the opacity to soften the edges.
Be aware also that the layers
can be either on শীর্ষ অথবা beneath one another. আপনি can see the order of your layers দ্বারা going to the 'View' menu, scroll down to 'Palettes' and there should be an option that says 'Layers'.
[Note: some programs automatically have the Layer Palette open in your workspace so আপনি may not need to open it.]
It's just a little window that shows the layers [each image আপনি added] one on শীর্ষ of the other. আপনি can সরানো them up অথবা down as আপনি need.
In the banner image above you'll notice that I left a blank space. I could have added another image to fill it but I've decided to leave it blank for some text, which we'll get to in a moment. First, we're going to add some effects Using layers to add effects
So this is the most fun and expressive part of banner making. আপনি can do a lot and create some cool effects and moods for your banners.
You'll want to create a new layer the exact size of your banner template. In my program I simply go to the bottom layer [called the Background Image], right click on it and choose 'Duplicate'.
If আপনি are unable to do that the simplest other way of doing it just to create another image in the exact dimensions আপনি need, then copy and paste it as a new layer like আপনি did your other images.
Once আপনি have your plain black layer, make sure it's on শীর্ষ of all the other layers. Yes, it will cover everything up at first.
You're going to need the Fill
tool. It should look just like a paint bucket. Now আপনি get to choose a color. আপনি may have noticed the color palette on the right hand side of your workspace. It will offer আপনি many choices. After you've picked one, just click on the black layer with the Fill tool and there আপনি go.
Now for the fun part! In the Layer Palette আপনি can choose the blend mode
and opacity for your layer. There will be a little drop down menu that starts with 'Normal' mode. There should be many modes like 'Color', 'Screen', 'Multiply' and more. Just play around with these options to see what kind of effects they produce. Play with the opacity as well; it will let the image প্রদর্শনী through better and make the effects আরো subtle, if আপনি want.
Golden brown layer set to the blend mode 'Soft Light' at 100% opacity
In the banner above I went for a simple effect that added a sense of cohesiveness to the banner, making it flow and all seem to belong together.
Layer of red color set to blend mode 'Exclusion' at 60% opacity
Then I decided I wanted something a little আরো creepy, a little আরো funky. The banner is still cohesive but the mood is different. Adding text
For the finishing touch, আপনি can add some text. Now I don't always add words because sometimes it just doesn't need it. But in this case I've deliberately left room for some text.
You'll need the Text
tool, which will look just like a letter of the alphabet [I've seen it as a T অথবা an A]. When আপনি open it, there will be a box to write in and some options to change the size, font and color. Sometimes these options won't appear in the text window but at the শীর্ষ of your workspace অথবা in the color palette.
When আপনি type usually a প্রিভিউ of it will appear on your banner. Make sure that the color you've chosen shows up.
Now the text is going to be added as another layer. Which means that আপনি can use blend mode effects and change the opacity for it too.
I would recommend adding each word as an individual layer rather than typing it all into the text box at once. This way আপনি can সরানো each word independently into the position আপনি desire. Which makes it easier to fit the text around the objects in your banner if আপনি need to. In order to add them as separate layers, type one word in the box and add it: then select the শীর্ষ layer of the banner
and add another word. Repeat for every word. Otherwise it will group them all together as one layer and when আপনি try to সরানো them, it will সরানো them all.
proofread your text before you're finished. There are online dictionaries that can help আপনি with spelling if আপনি need it. There's nothing আরো sloppy-looking than a banner with poor spelling and that kind of ruins the point of all the hard work আপনি just put into making it.
If you're interested in downloading some cool fonts to use, I recommend this website: link Quality/Size
One last thing about quality. Although the standard size for a ফ্যানপপ banner is 800x100 আপনি can
make them larger. They're easier to work with in a larger size and the quality is better. But the dimensions have to be equivalent to the ফ্যানপপ requirements.
Example sizes: 2400x300, 5200x650
অথবা আপনি can just use these templates! But make sure to download the full sizes দ্বারা clicking on the image.
I hope this guide has provided আপনি with some useful tips on how to make a banner. If আপনি have any প্রশ্ন অথবা need clarification on anything, just leave a মতামত and I'll try to help as best I can.
Thanks for reading!