Goodbye Lullaby is the fourth studio album দ্বারা Canadian singer-songwriter Avril Lavigne. The album was first released on 2 March 2011 through RCA Records (Sony Music). Recording sessions began in November 2008, and took place over a period of two years, concluding in October 2010. The album's songs contain mostly stripped down instruments, such as the পিয়ানো and acoustic guitar. Every song on the album was written দ্বারা Lavigne, with half of the album being written with co-writers. So far the album has topped the charts in Japan, Australia, Germany, Greece, Taiwan, Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong and Czech Republic and debuted inside the শীর্ষ 5 in over 15 countries আরো like the United States and Canada. The lead single of the album, "What the Hell", was released on 7 January 2011 and reached the শীর্ষ 20 in USA, The শীর্ষ 10 in ইউরোপ and Australia and the শীর্ষ 5 in Asia. The album also includes an extended version of the soundtrack single for the 2010 film Alice in Wonderland, titled "Alice".
 Background and development
The album's and lead single's release dates had been pushed back several times. The album was originally scheduled for release on 17 November 2009. Later, in January 2010, Lavigne stated that the album cover had been photographed and the first single would be released in April followed দ্বারা the album in June. In May, Lavigne ব্যক্ত that she considered the album too serious and "mellow" and would return to the studio to balance the album out, "With an album, I don't want to rush it out.... I have a very serious record, so I think I need to put a couple upbeat, fun songs on it."
In August 2010, Lavigne returned to Henson Recording Studios with producer Alex da Kid. During these sessions, Lavigne had strep throat, and the people involved were required to wear surgical masks. Despite her doctor's warning, Lavigne recorded vocals, "I wasn't able to sing for the last forty-eight hours because I could do permanent damage to the vocal cords." She revealed that she had been "trying new stuff" and that she was "exploring". Lavigne also added that she had enough material for two records.
“ My record company were being a typical record company and trying to give me their version of how it should be – trying to get me to go in a different direction. I had to fight with them over and over. I was like, 'No, this is a really special record to me and this is what I'm doing'. ”
—Avril Lavigne, Digital Spy
In October 2010, Lavigne was featured in Maxim for the November issue. During the interview she revealed that she had finished Goodbye Lullaby after two and a half years. However, in November, Lavigne announced that her album had been completed for a year, citing her record company as the reason for the album's delays. Lavigne stated that her record company wanted something আরো upbeat to keep up with mainstream radio, "Radio's very rhythmic and urban and dance today. I think they wanted me to do something আরো like that, but that's not what my vision was for this album".
The entire track listing for the album was revealed on 21 December 2010, after some were announced in early December. It was also announced that two songs on the album, "4 Real" and "Goodbye", were both written and produced solely দ্বারা Lavigne herself. The remaining tracks were either written দ্বারা Lavigne অথবা co-written with longtime collaborators Evan Taubenfeld, Butch Walker, and Max Martin. Lavigne stated that her vocals were the most important instrument to her during the album's recording, "Typically the lead vocal gets buried in the track and আপনি can’t always hear the quality, character, অথবা emotion after a certain point. I wanted my voice to be the main instrument."
Lavigne began recording in her প্রথমপাতা studio in November 2008 with "Black Star" only a মাস after completing The Best Damn Tour. To help promote her first fragrance, Black Star, Lavigne needed a short theme that would be used for the TV spots. "Black Star" was composed in a Malaysian hotel during her tour. The jingle was eventually expanded into a full song, which Rolling Stone later described as "an ethereal lullaby that turns epic with tinkling Coldplay-like pianos and soaring strings."
“ I always had material, but some people that I worked with didn’t really care, because they wanted to write the stuff. ”
—Avril Lavigne, Entertainment Weekly
Recording began with minimal instruments, usually starting with Lavigne গান গাওয়া only to acoustic guitar, with additional instruments added later. Lavigne described the process: "It’s stripped down. I প্রণয় performing that way, so I really felt like it was time to make a record like that. To just make it all about the vocal and the performance, and the vibe, and the emotion." Because she has a studio in her home, Lavigne was able to রচনা and record at her leisure. She also used the পিয়ানো to রচনা the majority of the songs. "The পিয়ানো is আরো of an emotional instrument. It stirs up different emotions for me and moves me in a different way than the গিটার can." দ্বারা July 2009, nine tracks had been recorded, including the songs "Fine", "Everybody Hurts" and "Darlin'". Several of the tracks were written in Lavigne's youth. "Darlin'" was the সেকেন্ড song Lavigne wrote as a 15-year-old while living in Napanee, Ontario. Lavigne stated that this album would be different from her পূর্ববর্তি work, "The other albums I've done, the songs are all over the place. This is the most consistent album all the way through."
Lavigne described the album as being about "life". She stated, "It's so easy for me to do a boy-bashing pop song, but to sit down and write honestly about something that's really close to me, something I've been through, it's a totally different thing." The album serves as a return to Lavigne's older musical style and is largely acoustic. With the exception of the album's lead single, Lavigne describes the songs on the album as different from her earlier material, "I'm older now, so I think that comes across in my music, it's not as pop-rock and it's a little আরো mellow and it's deep". She said, "[For] this record, I just really, really wanted to sing.... I just wanna have silence around me, and have these acoustic songs and really deliver." In November 2010, British producer Alex da Kid, who worked with Lavigne beginning in August 2010, stated that some songs on the album will have a hip-hop sound, "We've got some things that are hip-hop leaning, and we've got some things that are আরো pop/rock leaning". In December, it was announced that the songs produced দ্বারা Alex da Kid would not be on the album but Lavigne stated, "we’re gonna do something with that stuff, I’m just not sure what yet".
Lavigne described the first single off the album, "What the Hell", as "a broad message about personal freedom", calling it her "most pop track on the record", the least personal song from the album and the song most reminiscent of her পূর্ববর্তি work. Another song, "Stop Standing There", has been described as having an "early- '50s girl-group feel" and "Smile" is about Lavigne's gratitude for special people in her life. "Push" is about relationships and "Wish আপনি Were Here" shows Lavigne's vulnerable side. Lavigne described the song "Everybody Hurts" as "different...but not different to stray away from who I am and what I am." "Goodbye", one of the two songs Lavigne wrote and produced on her own, is about moving on in life. Lavigne stated that "Goodbye" is the most personal song on the album and was the inspiration for the album's title.
 Critical response
[show] Professional ratings
Goodbye Lullaby received positive reviews from most সঙ্গীত critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album received an average score of 58, based on 14 reviews, which indicates "mixed অথবা average reviews". Andy Greenwald of Entertainment Weekly, a partner of CNN, ব্যক্ত Goodbye Lullaby seeks a balance, "The first half is loaded with glossy confections, while the সেকেন্ড consists of quieter reflections clearly inspired দ্বারা ... Deryck Whibley", her ex-husband. The review ends দ্বারা giving a grade of B- with the justification that the singer seems to be desperate to share her artistic interior, which is far from fully formed.  Stephen Thomas Erlewine of Allmusic compares Goodbye Lullaby to Under My Skin, also citing the divorce from Deryck Whibley as "The occasion for introspection". He concludes that Lavigne "seems to be grappling with emotions just beyond her reach, never articulating her angst অথবা crafting a melancholy melody, making Goodbye Lullaby feel affected, not genuine." The Canadian newspaper The Globe and Mail compared Lavigne, in 2002, to a "younger, sassier version of Alanis Morissette", but that her old niche as the punky pop তারকা been taken over দ্বারা কেশা and that Goodbye Lullaby contains little to catch the ear of anyone who is not already a fan. The reviewer, Robert Everett-Green, criticizes the progression found within six songs: "it’s the basis of Pachelbel's Canon and about a jillion other pop songs." "Goodbye" was described as "a ballad with strings and পিয়ানো that is the only thing Lavigne did all দ্বারা herself, including the production. It's high in her register, and she sounds a bit like an অ্যাঞ্জেল with tattered wings. It's pretty slick, but it’s just genuine-sounding enough to hint at what Lavigne might be able to do if she scraped off the production makeup". Bill মেষশাবক from About.com gave to the album a rating of 3 stars, opining that: "Goodbye Lullaby leaves us waiting for the পরবর্তি chapter in Avril Lavigne's recording career. Perhaps with this album she has purged the weight of sadness and regret to prepare herself for the পরবর্তি steps forward. It sounds like we would all benefit if she has the courage to সরানো অগ্রবর্তী in লেখা and producing songs on her own. The two tracks here indicate that she can be a very solid, compelling pop-rock artist when in complete control of the artistic vision. Mediocre Avril Lavigne remains আরো compelling than many artists, but Goodbye Lullaby feels a bit like a wasted moment in time". Robert Copsey from Digital Spy was আরো positive, rating it 4 stars and মতামত প্রদত্ত that: "Production-wise, Goodbye is another straight-up pop-rock affair. It's a formula that shows little progression from her 2002 debut, and as such starts to wane towards the back-end of the album". Copsey concluded that: "the result remains a solid collection of tunes that neatly ties together the sounds of her last three records: the angst of Let Go, the raw emotion of Under My Skin and the pop hooks of The Best Damn Thing are all seamlessly interwoven here. It might make for an album that breaks little ground stylistically, but continues to keep Avril at the forefront of the brat-pop movement." Jon Parales from The New York Times was positive, expressing that "on “Goodbye Lullaby,” she’s trying to be a little আরো expansive, vocally and emotionally, without leaving pop territory". Pareles saw, positively, that: "It’s the pop-factory material, not Ms. Lavigne’s own presumably আরো personal songs, that offers details, humor and a sense of letting go. Her grown-up seriousness could use a little আরো of them". Giving 3 stars out of 5, Jody Rosen of Rolling Stone stated that "Goodbye Lullaby is lovelorn and introspective, full of gusty tunes with a surprising message: Avril cares". Josh Langhoff of PopMatters criticised Lavigne's songwriting, stating "If আপনি wanna know how NOT to do it, listen to the last five tracks on Goodbye Lullaby". However, Langhoff and Rosen both praised "Stop Standing There", one of the seven songs Lavigne wrote on her own.
 Commercial performance
On 10 March 2011, Goodbye Lullaby debuted at number two on the Japanese Oricon Albums Chart, with sales of 135,410 units in its opening week. Until 21, April 2011, the album has sold over 310,000 copies in Japan, receiving Platinum certification. In the UK, the album debuted at number nine, selling over 22,500 copies. In Canada, the album reached the 2nd position with sales of 13,000 copies. In Australia, the album topped the album's chart, selling over 20,000 copies. On the Billboard 200, the album debuted at number four, with first-week sales of 87,000. All four of Lavigne's albums have debuted in the শীর্ষ ten on the Billboard 200, although Goodbye Lullaby failed to match the initial success of her last two albums, Under My Skin (2004) and The Best Damn Thing (2007). The total first-week sales (87,000) is also far off those of Under My Skin (381,000) and The Best Damn Thing (286,000). To date, the album has sold in excess of 1 million units worldwide.
To promote the album, Lavigne has embarked on The Black তারকা Tour in May 2011.
Lavigne premiered the lead single, "What the Hell", on Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve on 31 December 2010 during a pre-taped segment along with a performance of "Girlfriend". Lavigne ব্যক্ত the song is "a really fun, upbeat party song, so it worked out really well to play it for the first time on New Year's Rockin' Eve." The following day, "What the Hell" was available as a free download for 48 hours from Lavigne's official ফেসবুক page. The video for the single was released in January 2011. Lavigne asked her অনুরাগী via Twitter what the পরবর্তি single should be, giving the choices between "Push" and "Smile". "Smile" is the সেকেন্ড release.
 Other charted songs
"Wish আপনি Were Here"
Song দ্বারা Avril Lavigne from the album Goodbye Lullaby
Writer Avril Lavigne, Max Martin, Shellback
Producer Max Martin, Shellback
"Wish আপনি Were Here" is a song দ্বারা Avril Lavigne from Goodbye Lullaby written দ্বারা Lavigne, Max Martin and Shellback, and produced দ্বারা the latter two. The song peaked at #99 on the Billboard Hot 100 and at #64 on the Canadian Hot 100.
Jody Rosen, লেখা for Rolling Stone magazine, described it is a "jangling power ballad". Stephen Thomas Erlewine from Allmusic marked "Wish আপনি Were Here" as one highlight of the album. According to Jonathan Keefe of Slant Magazine, this song, along with "Push" and "Smile", "mistake having a potty mouth for having an actual personality", and "Wish আপনি Were Here" "fails to pass off [the lyrics] 'Damn, damn, damn / What I'd do to have আপনি here, here, here' as a hook". Al Fox, an editor of BBC Music, ব্যক্ত that the song is one of the tracks where "Lavigne actually manages to communicate some real sentiment". He also মতামত প্রদত্ত that it is "an unassuming strum-along". Mikael Wood wrote that, in songs like this and "Everybody Hurts", the "former brat-punk princess in dreary woe-is-me mode" can be found.
 Track listing
No. Title Writer(s) Producer(s) Length
1. "Black Star" Avril Lavigne Deryck Whibley 1:34
2. "What the Hell" Lavigne, Max Martin, Shellback Martin, Shellback 3:40
3. "Push" Lavigne, Evan Taubenfeld Whibley 3:01
4. "Wish আপনি Were Here" Lavigne, Martin, Shellback Martin, Shellback 3:45
5. "Smile" Lavigne, Martin, Shellback Martin, Shellback 3:29
6. "Stop Standing There" Lavigne Butch Walker 3:27
7. "I প্রণয় You" Lavigne, Martin, Shellback Martin, Shellback 4:01
8. "Everybody Hurts" Lavigne, Taubenfeld Whibley 3:41
9. "Not Enough" Lavigne, Taubenfeld Whibley 4:18
10. "4 Real" Lavigne Lavigne 3:28
11. "Darlin" Lavigne Whibley 3:50
12. "Remember When" Lavigne Whibley 3:29
13. "Goodbye" Lavigne Lavigne 4:30
14. "Alice" (extended version) Lavigne Walker 5:01
tracks and story of the album